Nepal’s Annapurna Region defines the utmost beauty of nature painted with lush valleys and rivers while the Himalayas par with the sky. An ultimate guide to Annapurna Base Camp Trek can be a helpful hand to lead you through the Annapurna trails at ease. 

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is one of Nepal’s classic treks leading you to the base camp of Mount Annapurna at 4,130 m. During the journey, you come across stony trails, dense forests, pristine rivers, and more. One can enjoy the panoramic view of the Annapurna mountain range while on the trek. 

This trek is popular with a larger audience since it is suitable for beginners with a grade of moderate difficulty. As the travelers journey through the region, the cultural encounters while enjoying spectacular mountains are what makes the trek so fascinating. 

This ultimate guide covers everything you need to know to trek to Annapurna Base Camp. It includes the best time to visit, trek logistics like permits and tours, what to expect on the trail, and whatnot.

Quick Facts on Annapurna Base Camp Trek

RegionAnnapurna Region
Trek DifficultyModerate
Trek Duration8-10 days
Best TimeSpring (March-May) & Autumn (October-November)
Permits RequiredACAP permit, TIMS card
Maximum Elevation4,130m at ABC
AccommodationTeahouses along the route
Key VillagesPothana, Landruk, Chhomrong, Deurali
Trail TypeStone steps, Rocky, Snowy towards ABC
Start/End PointNayapul/Siwa
Daily Hiking5-7 hours
Major PassMachhapuchhre Base Camp
River ValleyModi Khola Valley
TransportationJeep/Bus to Nayapul, Fly to Pokhara

Major Highlights of Annapurna Base Camp Trek

  • Views of the Annapurna mountain range including Machhapuchhre (Fishtail), Annapurna South, Hiunchuli, Gangapurna, and more
  • Walk through rhododendron forests with towering bamboo trees
  • Pass through traditional Gurung villages like Landruk, Chhomrong, and Dovan
  • Stop at Poon Hill for sunrise views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges
  • Soak in hot springs at Jhinu Danda
  • Cross Modi Khola river over suspension bridges
  • Witness the traditional culture of Gurung and Magar ethnic groups
  • Stay in local teahouses and lodges throughout the trek
  • Trek to Machhapuchhre Base Camp, situated at 3700m
  • Reach Annapurna Base Camp (4130m) offering gorgeous views of Annapurna Massif

Where is the Annapurna Base Camp Located?

LocationInside Annapurna Conservation Area, Annapurna Rural Municipality, Gandaki Province, Nepal
Distance from Pokhara50 kilometers
Entrance GateChhomrong village
Altitude4,130 meters/13,550 feet
View of MountainsAnnapurna I, Annapurna South, Machhapuchhre, Hiunchuli, Tent Peak, etc. 

What Makes the Annapurna Base Camp Trek a Popular Choice among Trekkers?

The Annapurna Base Camp trek is considered one of the best treks in Nepal and sees thousands of trekkers each year. There are several factors that contribute to its popularity:

  • Spectacular Mountain Views – The trek takes you right into the heart of the Annapurna mountain range. Trekkers are rewarded with breathtaking views of the Annapurna peaks, including Annapurna I, Annapurna South, Machhapuchhre, Hiunchuli, and more.
  • Diverse Landscapes – The trail passes through terraced hillsides, lush rhododendron forests, bamboo groves, avalanche-prone areas, and the high mountain desert at the base camp. This diversity adds to the appeal.
  • Attainable Summit – Getting to the Annapurna Base Camp at 4130m is achievable for most beginner and moderately fit trekkers, unlike many other high passes in Nepal.
  • Well-Developed Route – The ABC trail is well-marked with lodges, tea houses, and facilities available throughout. Trekkers can do this independently without guides.
  • Cultural Interactions – The route gives opportunities to interact with the Gurung and Magar ethnic tribes and experience the local lifestyle.
  • Natural Hot Springs – Trekkers can relax their tired limbs at the natural hot spring pools along the trail in Jhinu.
  • Short Duration – The trek can be completed in 8-10 days, making it time-friendly.
  • Fairly Moderate Difficulty Level – The ABC trail is graded moderately difficult, suitable for both novice and regular trekkers. The steep parts are compensated with amazing rewards.

How Long is Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek distance is approximately 115 kilometers. Trekkers need to walk around 6 hours each day, covering about 10 kilometers daily. 

The trek to Annapurna Base Camp usually takes 8-10 days to complete by walking from Nayapul to the Base Camp and back. 

This trek passes through villages, forests, valleys, and mountainsides before reaching the base camp at 4,130 meters in the Himalayas. Though it’s a long-distance walk, the beautiful views make the trek very exciting!

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Cost

If you go on the Annapurna trek with one of the best trekking companies, it will cost more but will be safer and more comfortable. A 10-day Annapurna Base Camp Trek costs around $900-$1200 total. 

This covers your guide, porter, lodging, food, transportation, and park fees. While that may seem like a lot from your allowance, the guides know the best routes and can teach you about the stunning mountain scenery. 

Food (per day)Dal Bhat per Meal$6
Expensive Beverages (per drink)$2
Accommodation (per day)Tea house room rates$4 – $9 + extras
Guide & PorterPer day cost$30 – $40
PermitsTIMS CardNPR 2,000 ($18)
ACAP PermitNPR 3,000 ($25)

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Itinerary

The following itinerary of Annapurna Base Camp Trek is based on the standard itinerary designed by Glorious Eco Trek Nepal. 

01Arrival in Kathmandu
02Road Trip to Pokhara, west of the Kathmandu Valley6-7 hrs Drive
03Drive from Pokhara to Nayapul / Syauli Bazaar / Kimche, Trek to Ghandruk1 hr Drive & 4-5 hrs Walk
04Trek from Ghandruk to Sinuwa5-6 hrs Walk
05Trek from Sinuwa to Deurali6 hrs Walk
06Trek from Deurali to Annapurna Base Camp via Machhapuchhre Base Camp5 hrs Walk
07Trek from Annapurna Base Camp to Bamboo7 hrs Walk
08Trek from Bamboo to Jhinu Danda6 hrs Walk
09Trek from Jhinu Danda to Siwa/Ghandruk Phedi, then Drive to Pokhara via Nayapul6 hrs Walk & 1 hr Drive
10Drive from Pokhara to Kathmandu6-7 hrs Drive
11Final Departure

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Map

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Map
Annapurna Base Camp Trek Map

Alternative Routes to Annapurna Base Camp Trek

There are a few different trail options to reach Annapurna Base Camp. The main route starts from Nayapul and goes through villages like Ulleri, Ghorepani, Chhomrong, Bamboo, and Deurali before reaching Base Camp. 

Some alternative Annapurna Base Camp Trek routes are combined with Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, Mardi Himal Trek, Khopra Danda Trek, and more. 

These alternative routes offer different mountain views but all reach Annapurna Base Camp. The trails cross forests, rivers, and mountains before reaching the high Base Camp.

The following itinerary is an example of an alternative route to Annapurna Base Camp: 

Annapurna Base Camp with Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek – 14 Days

  • Day 01: Arrival at Nepal’s Capital: Kathmandu (1,400 m / 4,593 ft)
  • Day 02: Road Trip to Pokhara (820 m / 2,690 ft), west of the Kathmandu Valley
  • Day 03: Drive from Pokhara (820 m / 2,690 ft) to Nayapul / Birethanti / Tikhedhunga (1,570 m / 5,151 ft). Trek to Ulleri (1,540 m / 5,050 ft)
  • Day 04: Trek from Ulleri (1,540m / 5,050 ft) to Ghorepani (2,860 m / 9,385 ft)
  • Day 05: Early morning hike to Poon Hill viewpoint (3,210 m / 10,525 ft), then trek to Tadapani (2,630 m / 8,630 ft)
  • Day 06: Trek from Tadapani (2,630 m / 8,630 ft) to Chomrong (2,165 m / 7,105 ft)
  • Day 07: Trek from Chomrong (2,165 m / 7,105 ft) to Dovan (2,600 m / 8,528 ft)
  • Day 08: Trek from Dovan (2,600 m / 8,528 ft) to Deurali (3,200 m/ 10,500 ft)
  • Day 09: Trek from Deurali (3,200 m/ 10,500 ft) to Annapurna Base Camp (4,130 m/13,550 ft) via Machhapuchhre Base Camp (4,230 m / 13,810 ft)
  • Day 10: Trek from Annapurna Base Camp (4,130m / 13,550ft) to Bamboo (2,310 m / 7,578 ft)
  • Day 11: Trek from Bamboo (2,310 m / 7,578 ft) to Jhinu Danda (1,760 m / 5,774 ft)
  • Day 12: Trek from Jhinu Danda (1,760 m / 5,774 ft) to Siwa/Ghandruk Phedi (1,150 m / 3,773 ft), then Drive to Pokhara (820 m / 2,690 ft) via Nayapul (1,050 m / 3,445 ft)
  • Day 13: Drive from Pokhara (820m / 2,690ft) to Kathmandu (1,400 m / 4,593 ft)
  • Day 14: Final Departure

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Elevation Profile

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Altitude Chart
Annapurna Base Camp Trek Altitude Chart

The Annapurna Base Camp trek starts at around 800 meters elevation from Pokhara. Trekkers walk uphill each day and gain altitude as they get closer to Annapurna Base Camp. 

Some major points along the trail are: Ghorepani at 2,860 meters, Deurali at 3,200 meters, Machhapuchhre Base Camp at 3,700 meters, and finally Annapurna Base Camp at 4,130 meters. 

The highest point is Annapurna Base Camp. From there, the trail descends back down to around 1,400 meters at Bamboo. Gaining elevation slowly helps people adjust to the high altitude at Annapurna Base Camp.

Preventing Altitude Sickness on Annapurna Base Camp Trek 

Altitude sickness is caused by low oxygen levels at high elevations. On the Annapurna Base Camp trek, follow these tips to prevent altitude sickness:

  • Stay hydrated by drinking 3-4 liters of water daily. The high altitude causes dehydration so drinking plenty of fluids is key. Carry your own water bottle and keep sipping small amounts often.
  • Walk slowly with a steady pace. Don’t rush or over-exert yourself, especially in the first few days when your body is still adjusting. Keep a slow and steady rhythm to your walking.
  • Take rest days and acclimatize properly before gaining more elevation. Try to sleep at a lower elevation and hike to higher elevations in the day, then come back down to sleep. This allows your body to slowly adapt.
  • Eat carbohydrate-rich foods like breads, rice, grains, pasta. Carbs provide fuel for your muscles working hard in the thin air. Avoid heavy proteins which require more oxygen to digest.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption. Both can exacerbate altitude sickness symptoms.
  • Recognize early signs of altitude sickness – headaches, nausea, fatigue, trouble sleeping. Inform your guide immediately if you feel unwell. Don’t delay descent if symptoms worsen.
  • Consider taking a prescription medication like Diamox. It helps the body adapt to lower oxygen levels. Always consult a doctor first before taking any medication.
  • Descend immediately if symptoms are severe. Quick descent is the most effective treatment for moderate to serious cases of altitude sickness.

Cultural Significance Along the Trek to Annapurna Base Camp 

Main Ethnic GroupsGurung and Magar
ReligionsHinduism, Buddhism
FestivalsTamu Lhosar, Dashain, Tihar, Maghe Sankranti, Yomari Punhi
Traditional DressGurung – Bhangra (men), Lungi (women); Magar – Kachhad (men), Chaubandhi cholo (women)
Traditional DancesGhatu dance (Gurung), Maruni dance (Magar)
CuisineTraditional Nepali food like Dal Bhat
Lower ElevationsDominated by Hindu culture and traditions
Higher ElevationsMore prevalence of Buddhist culture and monasteries

Food and Accommodation on Annapurna Base Camp Trek 

The Annapurna Base Camp trek route is dotted with local teahouses and lodges that provide food and accommodation options for trekkers along the way.


The teahouses serve a variety of cuisines including traditional Nepali dishes, Tibetan foods, Indian meals as well as some Western meals. The local Nepali dish called dal bhat consisting of rice, lentil soup, curried vegetables, and pickles is available at all teahouses. 

Other options include dishes like vegetable or meat thukpa (noodle soup), Tibetan breads, momos (dumplings), pasta, pizza, and more. Trekkers can expect to find toast, porridge, eggs for breakfast. For lunch and dinner, the menus are more detailed. 

Most teahouses grow their own organic vegetables so the food is quite fresh. While the lodge food is hygienic, it’s best to take precautions like eating only cooked food, peeling fruit yourself, and drinking purified water. 

Those with dietary restrictions like gluten free or vegan should inform the lodge staff in advance so they can accommodate. It’s wise to carry nutrition bars and favorite snacks to supplement meals if required.


You can find basic teahouse lodges along the Annapurna trail that provide accommodation in twin-sharing rooms. The rooms are simple, equipped with twin beds and warm blankets. Toilet facilities are usually shared squat style toilets outside the rooms. 

At higher altitudes and during colder seasons, the teahouses provide warm and cozy dining rooms with heaters but the bedrooms are not heated. Trekkers should carry good quality sleeping bags for the cold nights. 

Hot showers are available at extra cost in most places. In recent years, newer lodges with attached bathrooms and better amenities are also coming up at strategic points along the route. 

Advance reservations are recommended during peak seasons when lodges tend to fill up very quickly. An experienced trekking guide or a trekking agency can assist with booking accommodation.

Guide and Porter Hiring for Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The Nepali government mandates hiring a licensed guide for all foreign trekkers venturing on the Annapurna Base Camp trail. 

Guides are essential to ensure safe navigation, assistance with permits and paperwork, language translation, and handling any medical or emergency situations that may arise on the trek.

There are several types of guides that can be hired:

  • Licensed Guides: Professionally trained and certified by the government. Well-versed in geography, culture, languages, etc. Cost around $30-$40 per day including accommodation and food.
  • Guide-Porters: Act as a guide but can also carry a small amount of luggage. Good option for small groups. Cost $25-$35 per day.
  • Porter-Guides: Work as porter carrying luggage as well as act as guide. Great choice for solo or couple treks. Cost $20-$30 per day.

Hiring porters helps transfer the burden of carrying heavy bags, preserving energy during the long uphill treks. Porters can carry up to 25 kg of luggage daily.

It’s highly recommended to hire guides/porters through a reputable trekking agency instead of finding them independently. The agency will match you with appropriate staff as per your group size and needs.

Tipping your guides and porters is customary, around 20-30% of their fees at the end of the trek. 

Having a guide and porter makes the Annapurna Base Camp trek much smoother, safer and more culturally engaging. Their knowledge and assistance enhances the overall trekking experience.

Transportation For Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Here is the transportation information to reach Nayapul for the Annapurna Base Camp trek elaborated in a tabulated form:

RouteTransportation OptionsDurationCost
Kathmandu to PokharaFlight30 minutes$120
Tourist Bus7-8 hours$15
Pokhara to NayapulLocal BusAround 3 hoursBudget-friendly
Private Jeep/CarAround 2 hoursMore expensive

Key Points:

  • Need to reach Nayapul to start Annapurna Base Camp trek
  • From Kathmandu can take flight or bus to Pokhara
  • From Pokhara can take local bus or hired private vehicle to Nayapul
  • Flight is faster but more expensive, bus is cheaper but takes more time
  • Reaching Nayapul marks beginning of Annapurna Base Camp trek

Is Annapurna Base Camp Trek Safe?

The Annapurna Base Camp trek is considered relatively safe when undertaken with proper precautions. Having an experienced guide, hiking slowly, taking rest days, and acclimatizing to altitude are important safety measures. 

The trail is well marked but has steep sections. Good fitness level, proper gear and altitude sickness prevention make it a safe trek. Trekking during peak season and hiring a guide minimizes risks. 

How Hard is Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek difficulty is considered moderate to challenging overall. The trek requires 5-10 days hiking with elevation gain from 800m to 4130m. 

The steep terrain, high altitude, physical exertion, and changeable weather make it more demanding than easy treks but achievable for fit beginners with proper preparation. 

The early stages are relatively easy, passing through villages and rhododendron forests. As the altitude increases, the trek gets steeper and more physically taxing. 

Sections like the climb from Bamboo to Deurali and traversing the Modi Khola Valley are particularly difficult. Proper acclimatization to altitude and pace is key. 

Though challenging, the ABC trek is very popular and undertaken by thousands yearly with average fitness, motivation and some training. With a gradual ascent, the difficulty of this incredible journey in the Annapurna sanctuary is manageable for most.

Best Time for Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The best time for Annapurna Base Camp Trek is during Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November). Though trekking during off seasons (winter and monsoon) is possible but it comes with more challenges and difficulties along the trekking trails. 

SeasonTime PeriodProsCons
SpringMarch – MayModerate temperatures, clear skies, colorful rhododendron forestsBusy with large crowds
AutumnSeptember – NovemberWarm days, clear skies, cultural festivalsBusy with large crowds
WinterDecember – FebruarySnow covered trail, fewer tourists, quieter trekVery cold, higher lodges may be closed
MonsoonJune – AugustHeavy rain, landslides, obscured views, avalanche danger, leaches, mosquitoes

Permits Required for Annapurna Base Camp Trek

There are mainly two key permits required for trekking in the Annapurna Region. The Annapurna Base Camp Trek permits are the Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS) card and the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) permit. 

TIMS permit serves as a registration and monitoring system for travelers on Nepal’s trekking routes, and the ACAP permit specifically to enter and hike within the protected region of Annapurna. 

Carrying valid copies of both these permits is mandatory before undertaking the popular journey to Annapurna Base Camp.

AspectTIMS CardACAP Permit
Where To ObtainKathmandu/Pokhara

  • Nepal Tourism Board office
  • Trekking Agencies Association office
  • Foreigners: NPR 2000
  • SAARC: NPR 600
  • Foreigners: NPR 3000
  • SAARC: NPR 1000

Packing List for Annapurna Base Camp Trek 

The following is the complete list of gear and equipment for Annapurna Base Camp Trek: 


  • Warm hat or beanie
  • Sun hat or cap
  • Buff or neck gaiter


  • Trekking poles
  • Headlamp with extra batteries
  • Water bottle or hydration bladder
  • Water purification tablets or filter
  • Snacks and energy bars
  • Trekking towel
  • Personal toiletries and medications
  • Sunscreen and lip balm with SPF
  • Insect repellent
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Travel adapter and charger for electronic devices
  • Trekking map and guidebook
  • Cash (Nepalese rupees) for purchases along the trail

Upper Body Wear

  • Thermal base layers (tops and bottoms)
  • Long-sleeved trekking shirts
  • Fleece jacket or sweater
  • Insulated down jacket
  • Waterproof and windproof jacket

Lower Body Wear

  • Trekking pants
  • Thermal base layers (bottoms)
  • Waterproof and windproof pants
  • Trekking shorts (optional)


  • Lightweight gloves
  • Insulated gloves or mittens


  • sleeping bag (cold-weather rating)
  • Liner for sleeping bag (optional, but increases warmth and cleanliness)
  • Mattress or sleeping pad (optional, but enhances comfort)
  • First-aid kit 
  • Trekking permit and TIMS card
  • Passport and other required travel documents
  • Information on travel insurance
  • Extra memory cards/batteries and a camera
  • Portable power bank for charging electronic gadgets


  • Trekking boots 
  • Hiking socks (wool or synthetic)
  • Gaiters 
  • Camp shoes or sandals

In The End

With its inviting forests, cultural villages, sweeping vistas, and magnificent Himalayan peaks, this iconic Nepal trek beckons the adventurous spirit within. 

Though wonderfully accessible, it still retains that feeling of journeying deeper into an epic mountain realm that dwindles in the distance before your eyes. 

Following the guidance within this comprehensive resource, the rewards of undertaking your own Annapurna Base Camp Trek await. When you travel back home after the long trek out, the magnificent Annapurna region will continue stirring your soul, tempting your inevitable return.

Ready to explore? Your dream trekking experience is just a message away! Contact us at Glorious Eco Trek Nepal through E-mail ( or WhatsApp (+977-9851098382) to begin the planning process and turn your outdoor aspirations into reality.


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