All About Nepal: Quick Overview

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Picture this: Nepal appears as a landlocked gem hidden among the beautiful Himalayan range. This small country, situated between India and China in South Asia, is more than simply a dot on the map. 

Covering a total area of 147,181 square kilometers, Nepal takes on the shape of an elongated rectangle. It extends an impressive 885 kilometers from east to west, while its northern-to-southern span ranges from 145 to 241 kilometers

Quick Facts about Nepal

AspectQuick Facts
LocationSouth Asia, between India and China
Area147,181 square kilometers (56,956 square miles)
GeographyHimalayan, Hilly, and Terai regions
PopulationApproximately 30,896,590 (as of last update, 2023)
Official LanguageNepali
GovernmentFederal Democratic Republic
Head of StatePresident
CurrencyNepalese Rupee (NPR)
Dialing Code+977
Time ZoneNepal Standard Time (NST), GMT+5:45
National AnimalCow 
National FlowerRhododendron (Gurans)
National BirdLophophorus (Daphne)
National ColorCrimson
Highest PeakMount Everest (8,848 meters/29,029 feet)
Natural ResourcesRich in Himalayas, freshwater sources, wildlife
Endangered SpeciesOne-horned rhinoceros, snow leopard, and more

Geographical Diversity

Nepal displays remarkable altitude variations, ranging from a mere 59 meters above sea level to the awe-inspiring height of 8,848 meters at the peak of Mount Everest

Geographically, Nepal is divided into three distinct regions: the Himalayan, Hilly, and Terai regions. Despite sharing the same latitude, the northern region experiences colder temperatures. In contrast, the southern region enjoys warmer weather. Additionally, the mid-region maintains a temperate climate.

Administrative Division

The country is administratively divided into five regions from west to east: far-western, mid-western, western, central, and eastern regions. Furthermore, Nepal is subdivided into seven provinces. With a total population of approximately 29,890,686, the nation embraces and celebrates its diversity.

Cultural and Linguistic Diversity

Nepal stands as a multicultural, multilingual, multi-ethnic, and multi-religious nation. It symbolizes the phrase “Unity in Diversity,” comprising 125 ethnic castes and 123 ethnic languages. The official national language is Nepali.

Unique National Symbols

In Nepal, symbolism runs deep, beautifully portrayed in its national symbols. 

The nation takes pride in its unique national flag, characterized by a distinctive double pennon design. The flag features a moon in the upper triangle, a sun in the lower triangle, and blue and red borders symbolizing peace and sacrifice, respectively. 

The national animal is the Cow, worshipped as the goddess Laxmi (goddess of wealth). The national flower is the Rhododendron, known locally as Guras, and the national bird is the Lophophorus (Daphne). The national color is Crimson.

High in the Himalayan skies, the Lophophorus, also known as ‘Daphne,’ takes flight as the national bird. And when it comes to national pride, it’s wrapped in Crimson, the national color that adorns flags and hearts alike.

Historical Evolution

Nepal is a unique country with no Independence Day in its history, as any foreign power has never colonized it. It transitioned into a federal democratic republic on May 28, 2008, shifting from a monarchy. 

Today, the president serves as the country’s head, and the legal framework is based on presidential decisions. Nepalese rupee is the official currency, and the country’s international dialing code is +977. 

The country observes Saturday as a public holiday and follows the Bikram Sambat calendar, which is 58 years and 8 months earlier than the Gregorian calendar.

Natural Beauty and Resources

Nepal is renowned for its natural beauty, abundant resources, and diverse wildlife. Home to the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, the nation has eight of the world’s 14 highest peaks. 

The country is also the second richest in freshwater sources. Its landscapes feature snow-capped mountains, high-altitude glacier lakes, diverse wildlife, and a rich tapestry of cultures.


Nepal is a sanctuary for endangered animals such as the One-horned rhinoceros, snow leopard, spiny babbler, and wild yak, many of which face extinction in other parts of the world.

World Records and Cultural Heritage

Nepal holds several world records, including hosting the world’s highest peak and a multitude of cultural heritage sites. 

The country takes pride in its national parks, including Chitwan, Langtang, and Sagarmatha. Furthermore, it houses world heritage sites like Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, and Patan Durbar Square.

Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, is a revered pilgrimage site. The country also comprises numerous picturesque lakes, including Tilicho Lake, Gosaikunda, Rara Lake, Shephoksundo Lake, and Phewa Lake.

Religious and Cultural Diversity

Nepal embraces various religions. Hinduism is the majority religion, accounting for 81.3% of the population. It is followed by Buddhism at 9%, Islam at 4.4%, Kirant at 3%, Christianity at 1.4%, Animalism at 0.4%, and Irreligion at 0.5%.”

Festivals and Seasons

Throughout the year, Nepal hosts a plethora of festivals. Dashain and Tihar are national festivals celebrated across the country. Hinduism brings festivities such as Indra Jatra, Bisket Jatra, and Gai Jatra. Buddhists observe Buddha Purnima, while Christians celebrate Christmas.

Seasonal Variation

Nepal experiences four distinct seasons: Spring (March to May) brings vibrant blooms and moderate temperatures, while Summer (June to August) is the monsoon season, marked by heavy rains and lush landscapes. 

Autumn (September to November) is the most popular time for visitors. It offers clear skies and pleasant weather, ideal for trekkers and cultural enthusiasts. 

Finally, Winter (December to February) brings cooler temperatures, with snow in higher elevations. It provides a quieter and serene atmosphere for exploration.

Tourism and Adventure

Nepal’s high Himalayan terrain attracts mountaineers and trekkers worldwide. Iconic trekking destinations include Everest Base Camp, Manaslu Circuit, Upper Mustang, and Gosaikunda. 

For serene vacations, cities like Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Lumbini offer peaceful getaways. Sights like Boudhanath and Swayambhunath beckon with their tranquility.

Agriculture and Vegetation

Agriculture and vegetation vary by region due to the country’s diverse climate and geography. The Terai region is the most fertile, producing crops like grain, potatoes, maize, and mangoes. 

Hilly regions with temperate climates cultivate green vegetables, tomatoes, potatoes, oranges, and more. The harsh Himalayan terrain limits cultivation, with potatoes being the primary crop.

Delightful Cuisine

Nepalese cuisine holds a special place, with iconic eateries like Dal, Bhat, and Tarkari (rice and curry). Different castes offer unique ethnic foods, and Newari cuisine stands out as a highlight. 

Thakali cuisine, Gundruk, and Dhido are well-known dishes. Dumplings, noodles, Panipuri, and Chatpat are popular snacks, and the country’s love for spices is evident in its flavorful pickles.

Hospitality and Tourism

Nepal’s breathtaking natural beauty, geographical diversity, and cultural richness draw thousands of visitors each year. The warm and welcoming Nepali people embrace visitors with the traditional “Namaste” greeting, bowing their heads and joining their hands.

Final Say

In conclusion, Nepal is a paradise on Earth. This overview provides a glimpse into the unique characteristics of this extraordinary nation. Visiting this nation is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that leaves an indelible mark on your heart. 

The country’s natural beauty, people, and rich heritage offer deep peace and lasting memories. We extend a heartfelt welcome to you and invite you to enjoy your journey to the fullest, whether with friends or family. The nation awaits with open arms!

For those seeking adventure in the wilderness, Glorious Eco Trek Nepal offers exceptional expertise in crafting personalized treks. Contact us at or reach out on WhatsApp at +977 – 9851098382 to chat about how we can make your dream trek to Nepal come true.